Aglianico, also known as Ellenico o Ellanico, was probably introduced by the Greeks between the 6th and 7th centuries BC, during the colonization of the Thyrrenian coast.

It is a grape variety historically related to the nearest Basilicata but it also boasts an ancient growing in Apulia, where it is identified as an essential element of the wine group “D.O.C. Castel Del Monte” and specifically with the two wines “Aglianico rosso” and “Aglianico rosato”.


Aleatico is an autochthonous grape variety from wich is obtained a characteristic mellow and natural wine.It is present on the whole territory of Apulia.

Some people believe that this grape variety comes from Tuscany, as an alteration of Moscato, others believe that it has been introduced by the Greeks.

“Aleatico” is also the name of a group of wines named D.O.C. (guarantee of origin and quality of a wine) whose regulations allow also the use, in a less percentage, of the following wines: “Negroamaro”, “Malvasia Nera” and “Primitivo”.

Bombino nero

The origin of this wine is not identified and it is known also with the following names: “Bambino” and “Buonvino”.

This wine, for a long time grown in Apulia, is a grape variety that characterizes its production by an abundant production and an high juice yeld. It is grown mostly around the area of Lizzano and Castel del Monte.

The result is a quite “tannic” tasting wine, ruby red in colour.

Malvasia nera

Unlike other “Malvasia”, this is a wine that does not have the typical moscat flavour. It is an autochthonous grape variety widely produced in the area of “Salento” and precisely in the municipalities of: Taranto, Brindisi and Lecce.

This wine is also present in the production area of the following “DOC wines”: Lizzano, Brindisi, Squinzano, Salice Salentino, Leverano, Copertino, Nardò, Matino and Alezio.


It was introduced in Italy from France between the 18th and 19th century.

Its distribution covered the entire territory.

This grape variety, as well as other international grape varieties, has found its ideal environment conditions in Apulia and, with a minimal percentage, it is used for the production of different DOC wines.

Ruby red in colour, this is a fruity, full-bodied and balanced wine.


The origin of this wine is uncertain. Probably it comes from the area of Montepulciano, nearby the city of Siena and it has been grown later in southern-central Italy.

It is possible to find this wine in Apulia, especially in the areas of the following wines: DOC San Severo, Cacc’e Mmitte di Lucera, Ortanova, Rosso di Cerignola and Rosso Canosa, Castel del Monte, Lizzano, Leverano, Copertino and Alezio.

The result is a ruby red wine, tannic-tasting and suitable for aging.


This is an autochthonous and old grape variety whose origins are unknown. Probably its growing dates back to the Greek colonization.

Its name derives from the combination of the latin word “nigra” (black) and the greek word “mavro” (bitter). Grapes of this grape variety are, in fact, dark and bitter in flavour.

“Negroamaro” is the symbol of “enological Salento” even if its growing now covers the entire regional territory.

The production area of this wine covers the following municipalities: Lizzano, Brindisi, Squinzano, Salice Salentino, Leverano, Copertino, Nardò, Galatina, Matino, Alezio and Cerignola.

Nero di Troia

This is one of the most ancient and autochthonous grape variety grown in north-central Apulia.

Its origin could be Asia Minor. Especially this wine is arrived in Puglia during the colonization of the Greeks.

The territory known with the name of “terre di Federico” (lands of Federico), that corresponds to the area that goes from the north of Bari to the Province of Foggia, recognizes this wine as the most representative of its territory.

This grape variety, pure or blended, covers the areas of following grape varieties: Castel del Monte, Cacc’e Mmitte di Lucera,

Ortanova, Rosso di Cerignola and Rosso Canosa. Ruby red in colour with orange hues, this wine is armonic and dry in flavour.


This is a rare wine grown in the area of “high Salento”, especially in the Province of Brindisi. It is present in the grape variety “Ostuni Doc” (maximum 15%).


This is an autochthonous grape variety whose name could derive from the Marquis of Bugnano that was originally from Ottaviano. He probably introduced this growing in Apulia.

This is an example of a grape variety that is survived thanks to the passion and obstinacy of apulian winemakers.

This wine is grown in the province of Brindisi and it is an essential element of the grape variety “Ostuni Doc”.

The result is a wine ruby red in colour, aromatic in flavour and suitable for aging.

Primitivo di Gioia

This autochthonous grape variety was implanted for the first time in the territory of Gioia del Colle by the Benedictine monks.

Towards the end of the 8th century, the priest Don Filippo Francesco Indellicati selected a clone and gave to it the name of “Primativo” by virtue of its early ripening.

“Primitivo di Gioia” is the most notorious typology that is present in the production area of “DOC Gioia del Colle”.

Primitivo di Manduria

This autochthonuos grape variety that is originally from the territory of Gioia del Colle, has found in the area of Manduria the ideal conditions to proliferate. This wine includes numerous municipalities of the provinces of Taranto and Brindisi.

The result is a wine, ruby red in colour with spicy aromas and high levels of alcohol.

Initially used as blending wine, recently has earned the title of “quality wine” thanks to the work of some producers.


This grape variety probably comes from Tuscany and somebody believe that it was grown by the Etruscans.

This grape variety, even if not originally from Apulia, is widely grown in this region.

Its production area refers to the following grape varieties: DOC San Severo, Cacc’e Mmitte di Lucera, Ortanova, Rosso di Cerignola, Rosso Canosa, Gioia del Colle, Lizzano, DOC Brindisi, Squinzano, Leverano, Copertino, Alezio and Matino.

Ruby red in colour, this wine is dry and slightly bitter to the palate.


Probably originally from Dalmatia, this wine takes its name from its high productivity that occurs “at an early age”.

It is present with a less percentage in the production area of “DOC Ostuni” and “Brindisi”.

It has been recently rediscovered by apulian winemakers that have produced it “pure”.

Ruby red in colour, this wine is dry and sharp to the palate.