The territory known with the name of Daunia corresponds with the north part of Apulia and includes the areas of Tavoliere, Gargano and Subappennino Dauno.
This territory represents the perfect combination of plain, mountain and sea and it offers a wide variety of scenarios to the spectator tanks to the presence of wheat fields, caves, seabed and a dense vegetation of the “Parco Nazionale del Gargano”.
This area has a very ancient tradition about winemaking. It was present at the time of the Romans.
The pilgrims crossed the region during their long journey towards Terra Santa and at the time of their stay in Apulia, they toasted with local wines and organized propitiatory festival on the occasion of grape harvest in Monte Sant’Angelo, the site of many famous pilgrimages.
Daunia is, above all, an area characterized by an extraordinary wide production of white wines.
The calcareous, clayey and sandy soil represents the perfect setting for some specific white grape varieties; this is the case for “Bombino Bianco”, frequently blended with “Trebbiano Toscano” in order to obtain a particularly mellow white wine.
But not only white wines; Daunia is also the homeland of full-bodied red wines that originate from red grape varieties like Montepulciano d’Abruzzo, Susumaniello or Somarello; a rare and precious grape variety popular in the area of Lucera and Tuccanese, another “pearl” of “Daunia wines”.
Very important is also the diffusion of “Nero di Troia”, an autochthonous grape variety that produces primarily pure wine and that has a good level of wine aging.
The production area of this DOC wine covers the entire regional territory.
The minimum percentage of “Aleatico” is 85%; with possible addition of Negroamaro, Malvasia Nera and Primitivo. The result is a sweet tasting wine.
It is necessary an aging for three years in order to obtain the recognition as Reserve.
The production of this wine covers the municipalities of Lucera, Troia and Biccari.
The grape varieties used in the production of this DOC wine are: uva di Troia or “Sumarello” (35-60%), Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Malvasia nera from Brindisi alone or together with the above-mentioned wines (25-35%), Trebbiano toscano, Bombino bianco and Malvasia from Chianti alone or together with the above-mentioned wines (15-30%).
Ruby red in colour, good olfactory characteristics and a wrapping and harmonic taste. This wine accompanies red meat dishes and mature cheese.
The production area of this wine covers the municipalities of: Orta Nova, Ortona, Ascoli Satriano, Crapelle, Foggia and Manfredonia.
The grape varieties used in the production of this DOC wine are:
Sangiovese, Uva di Troia, Montepulciano, Lambrusco Maestri and Trebbiano Toscano (40% maximum).
The production of this DOC wine, the most notorious in the territory of Daunia, covers the municipalities of: San Severo, Torremaggiore, San Paolo Civitate, Apricena, Lucera and Lesina.
Red, white, rosé and sparkling: these are all the various typologies of this DOC wine.
This wine uses the following grape varieties: Bombino bianco (40-60%), Trebbiano toscano (40-60%), with possible addition of Malvasia bianca or Chianti and Verdeca (maximum 20%).
Both wine and sparkling spumante are served with fish dishes.
San Severo red and rosé doc wines use the following grape varieties: Montepulciano d’Abruzzo (70-100%) and Sangiovese (maximum 30%).
This is a very interesting whole meal wine with its pleasant winy scent. It is ruby red in colour tending towards an orange if aged.
The production of this DOC wine covers the municipalities of: Cerignola, Stornara, Stornarella and Ascoli Satriano.
The grape varieties used in the production of this DOC wine are: Nero di troia (minimum 55%), blended with Negroamaro (15-30%), Sangiovese, Barbera, Montepulciano, Malbech and Trebbiano toscano (maximum 15%).
This is a full-bodied red wine that accompanies meat dishes and mature cheese like Caciocavallo.
This wine has been recognised as DOC in the mounth of october 2011 and it refers to the historical grape variety known with the name of “Nero di Troia”. Specifically this wine includes: “Rosé”; “Red” and “Nero di Troia”. There is also the version of “Reserve wine” for “Red” and “Nero di Troia”.
The minimum percentage for the “Nero di Troia” is 65%; the addition of other grape varieties may be included but in the maximum percentage of 35%.
The production area of this wine covers the entire province of Foggia: Lucera, Troia, Torremaggiore, San Severo, S.Paolo Civitate, Apricena, Foggia, Orsara di Puglia, Bovino, Ascoli Satriano, Ortanova, Ordona, Stornara, Stornarella,Cerignola and part of the province of Bat: Trinitapoli, S. Ferdinando di Puglia and Barletta.
“Tavoliere delle Puglie DOC wine” is available from the harvest campaign 2011-2012.
IGT Daunia wines refer to: white wines, sparkling and Passito white wines (from aromatic grapes); red wines, sparkling and Passito red wines, (from aromatic grapes) Novello; rosé and sparkling rosé wines.
All IGT Daunia wines must be obtained from grapes that originate from a mixture of grape varieties; specifically from some grape varieties that have already been authorized and recommended by the Province of
Foggia, with a minimum percentage of 85% and with berries of their corresponding colour.
The grape varieties of Montepulciano and Ottavianello are not included in this list.
With a minimum percentage of 15% it is possible to find grapes of some grape varieties with berries of similar colour, not aromatic, that have already been authorized and recomended by the Province of Foggia.
According to the rules established by “Disciplinare di produzione dei vini ad indicazione geografica tipica Daunia” art.2, may exist a sparkling version of the IGT Daunia wines.
The production area of grapes whose wines and grape juice are recognized with the designation of “IGT Daunia” covers the entire province of Foggia (art.3 “Disciplinare di produzione dei vini ad indicazione geografica tipica Daunia”).
The designation of “IGT Puglia” is reserved for: withe and sparkling white wines, red and sparkling red wines, Novello, rosé and sparkling rosé wines.
All IGT Puglia wines must be obtained from grapes that originate from a mixture of grape varieties; specifically from some grape varieties that have already been authorized and recommended by all provinces of
Apulia, with a minimum percentage of 85% and with berries of their corresponding colour.
The mimimum percentage of 85% refers to the following wines: Aleatico, Aglianico, Bombino nero, Bombino bianco, Falanghina, Fiano, Greco, Malvasia bianca, Malvasia nera, Uva di Troia, Moscato bianco, Moscatello,
Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot bianco, Pinot nero, Riesling, Sauvignon, Primitivo, Negroamaro, Verdeca, Bianco d’Alessano, Pampanuto, Trebbiano and Sangiovese.
According to the regulations of “Disciplinare di produzione dei vini a indicazione geografica tipica Puglia” art.2, the wines with “IGT Puglia” denomination may be also produced as Novello or sparkling wine.
According to the rules established by “Disciplinare di produzione dei vini ad indicazione geografica tipica Daunia”, the production area of grapes whose wines and grape juice are recognized with the designation of “IGT Puglia” covers the following provinces: Bari, Brindisi, Foggia, Lecce and Taranto.